At a special meeting today, the Flathead Joint Board of Control passed a resolution opposing the compact.  Eight votes for the resolution, and two were against.  Our sincerest thanks to all of the Joint Board Commissioners who showed true leadership, standing firmly for the protection of the valuable property rights of their constituents. 

Also many thanks to the people who braved the cold to get to the meeting, and who worked tirelessly to get their friends and neighbors to come to the meeting.

Below is the language of the resolution:



The Flathead Joint Board of Control of the Flathead, Mission and Jocko Valley Irrigation Districts, at a meeting convened and held on December 30, 2014, at St. Ignatius, Montana, at which a quorum was present and voting throughout, hereby adopt the following:

WHEREAS, the Flathead Joint Board of Control (“FJBC”), comprised of the Flathead, Mission and Jocko Valley Irrigation Districts, represents the irrigated acreage owned in fee which comprises approximately 110,000 acres, or 90% of the acreage contained within the Flathead Irrigation Project (“FIP”);

WHEREAS, the CSKT has failed to state the primary purpose of the reservation and to quantify their federally reserved water right;

WHEREAS, in September of 2013 the FJBC set forth its position regarding the Water Compact between the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, the United States, the State of Montana and the FJBC which had failed to pass the 2013 Montana Legislature, and requested the Montana Reserved Water Rights Compact Commission (“MRWRCC”) resume negotiations of the Water Use Agreement (“WUA”) contained in the 2013 Compact proposal, and requested the following concerns be addressed:

  • The Water Compact may not be used as a vehicle to take Irrigation Project Water Rights or Individual Landowners’ Water Rights and transfer them to the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes (“CKST”).
  •  The quantity of water allocated to the FIP in the WUA was significantly less than historical use and was based upon the Hydrologic River Operation Study System (“HYDROSS”) model, a model generally used as a planning tool and which is scientifically unsound for making actual allocations of project water and in-stream flows. Additional operational modeling was requested to address historic irrigation deliveries, extra duty water, stock water and the use of “non-quota” water. Historic data to verify historic use, requested from the BIA via FOIA, has been withheld from the FJBC.
  •  The Water Compact unlawfully created a Unitary Management Ordinance (“UMO”) and Unitary Management Board (“UMB”), comprised of political appointees, to administer water right issues within the FIP and which eliminated judicial review, adjudication and oversight by the Montana Water Court. The UMO and UMB, as a governing body, treated citizens of the State of Montana located in the FIP differently from the rest of the citizens of the State of Montana and disproportionately vested review, adjudication and control over water and irrigation rights and use with Tribal appointed representatives. The Water Compact further directed any appeal from the UMB to an undefined “Court of Competent Jurisdiction”.

WHEREAS, upon reopening of negotiations between the United States, the CKST and the State of Montana regarding the Water Compact, the FJBC was intentionally denied a presence in the negotiations;

WHEREAS, on October 8, 2014, the FJBC presented its Position Statement once again identifying the three (3) issues it previously asked the MRWRCC to address in negotiations in order to gain the FJBC’s support for a renegotiated Water Compact;

WHEREAS, the FJBC received no substantive response to its concerns;

WHEREAS, on December 12, 2014 Governor Steve Bullock announced an agreement had been reached between the CKST, the State of Montana and the United States as to the Water Compact (“CKST Water Compact”), a final copy of which to date has not been distributed for review;

WHEREAS, contrary to statements made by the Governor and the Attorney General, all indications from the Compact Commission are that the “renegotiated” Compact does not provide a water right to FIP irrigators, does not provide “historic usage” as required by the Montana Constitution (Article IX.3.1), and further violates Article IX of the Montana State Constitution by imposing the UMO on fee land irrigators within the FIP, thus treating them differently than anywhere else within the State.


The FJBC, comprised of the Flathead, Mission and Jocko Valley Irrigation Districts, representing the irrigated acreage owned in fee and which comprises approximately 110,000 acres, or 90% of the acreage contained within the FIP, strongly opposes passage by the 2015 Montana Legislature of the proposed CKST Water Compact as drafted, and recommends that irrigator’s water rights be adjudicated by the Montana Water Court in a general stream adjudication process because the allegedly “renegotiated” Water Compact:

  • Requires individual landowners, irrigators and their representatives and/or agents to relinquish any and all claims to water rights in the FIP, without their agreement or consent.
  • Inherently acknowledges the initial Water Use Agreement was flawed with respect to irrigation water allocation and now replaces it with “adaptive management”, a learning-based management method which implements irrigation water allocation by trial and error, while disregarding historical use.
  • The UMO and UMB violate the Montana Constitution and the Constitution of the United States by requiring both Tribal and non-Tribal property owners and citizens of the State of Montana who reside on fee land within the Flathead Indian Reservation’s boundaries to be governed by a different law of water administration than the rest of Montana.
  • Creates a “FIP delivery entitlement statement” of unknown origin, status and legal effect.
  • Fails to sufficiently define a “Court of Competent Jurisdiction”, thereby creating a judicial nightmare likely to result in different courts issuing conflicting decisions and opinions as to water and irrigation rights and use within the FIP.

DATED effective  December 30, 2014

The undersigned certifies that the above stated resolution and was passed by a majority of the Board Members of the Flathead Joint Board of Control.